Exploring Fermented Bamboo Powder in Poultry Nutrition

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23 May 2024

Unveiling the Potential of Fermented Bamboo Powder in Poultry Nutrition: A Comprehensive Study

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In the realm of animal nutrition, the quest for innovative, sustainable, and health-promoting feed sources continues unabated. One such promising candidate that has garnered attention is fermented bamboo powder (FBP), derived from the fast-growing bamboo plant. In a recent study, researchers delved deep into the potential benefits of incorporating FBP into the diets of dwarf yellow-feathered broiler chickens. This comprehensive investigation sheds light on the multifaceted impacts of FBP on gut health, growth performance, and the activation of odorant receptors (ORs) within the gastrointestinal tract.

Unraveling the Role of Odorant Receptors Beyond Olfaction

Odorant receptors (ORs) have long been recognized for their pivotal role in olfaction, residing predominantly in the nasal olfactory epithelium. However, recent strides in molecular biology have unveiled a broader landscape of OR expression, extending beyond the confines of the olfactory system. These receptors have been found in various nonchemosensory organs, including adipose tissue, liver, pancreas, skin, leukocytes, and muscle. This widespread distribution hints at their potential regulatory functions in a myriad of physiological and pathological processes, underscoring the need for further exploration.

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Despite chickens being renowned for their relatively diminished sense of smell compared to other sensory modalities, their olfactory organs near the beaks still play a discernible role in scent detection and digestion. Chickens exhibit a remarkable ability to discern smells, leveraging this sensory prowess to navigate their environment and make crucial associations between scents, food, and potential threats.

Harnessing the Nutritional Potential of Fermented Bamboo Powder

Fermented bamboo powder emerges as a nutritional powerhouse, offering a rich tapestry of beneficial components. Its composition boasts varying proportions of polysaccharides, starch, crude protein, and insoluble dietary fiber, making it a highly desirable feed additive for poultry. Moreover, the fermentation process enhances the concentration and bioavailability of nutrients, amplifying its nutritional efficacy.

Incorporating bamboo powder into poultry diets yields a plethora of benefits, ranging from essential nutrient provision to antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The presence of bioactive substances such as flavonoids and phenolic acids endows bamboo powder with potent antioxidant capabilities, mitigating oxidative stress and inflammation in avian subjects.

Unveiling the Impact: Growth Performance, Gut Health, and Beyond

The study embarked on a meticulous exploration of the effects of FBP supplementation on growth performance, gut morphology, and hormonal regulation in dwarf yellow-feathered broiler chickens. Notably, FBP supplementation elicited significant improvements in body weight gain, feed conversion ratio, and various morphological parameters of the small intestine, indicative of enhanced gut health and nutrient utilization.

Furthermore, FBP exerted a profound influence on the secretion of key gut hormones, including glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), cholecystokinin (CCK), and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), orchestrating a harmonious interplay in the gastrointestinal milieu. These hormonal modulations hold profound implications for digestion, nutrient absorption, and appetite regulation, ultimately contributing to improved growth performance in broiler chickens.

Unraveling the Molecular Tapestry: Activation of Gut Odorant Receptors

A pivotal aspect of the study delved into the activation patterns of odorant-related genes in crucial gastrointestinal organs in response to FBP supplementation. The findings underscored the responsive expression of these genes, highlighting the intricate interplay between dietary components and gut physiology. Notably, the heightened expression of odorant receptors in the small intestine underscores their potential role in modulating gut health and function, akin to their counterparts in mammals.

Charting a Path Forward: Implications and Future Directions

The study unveils a promising trajectory in poultry nutrition, harnessing the untapped potential of fermented bamboo powder to bolster growth performance, gut health, and molecular signaling within the gastrointestinal tract. These findings lay a robust foundation for future research endeavors aimed at unraveling the intricate mechanisms underpinning the multifaceted interactions between dietary constituents, gut physiology, and overall avian health. By leveraging the insights gleaned from this study, researchers can spearhead innovative strategies to optimize poultry nutrition, paving the way for sustainable and resilient agricultural practices in the poultry industry.

Source: “Rahmani Mohammad Malyar, Quanwei Wei, Linsong Hou, Shoura Hytham Elsaid, Yuanchao Zhang, Sayed Attaul Haq Banuree, Saifullah, Weisheng Zhou, Fangxiong Shi,
Fermented bamboo powder activates gut odorant receptors, and promotes intestinal health and growth performance of dwarf yellow-feathered broiler chickens”

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